Sunday, January 18, 2009

Syphilis in Pregnancy

Syphilis in pregnancy could threatening the fetus. T. pallidum could crosses the placenta, resulting in fetal infection. Vertical transmission can occur at any time during pregnancy and at any stage of syphilis. Vertical transmission of syphilis is more common in primary (50%) and secondary syphilis (50%), compared with early latent (40%), late latent (10%), and tertiary syphilis (10%). Seventy to one hundred per cent of infants born to untreated infected mothers are infected. Pregnancies complicated by syphilis may result in intrauterine growth restriction, non-immune hydrops fetalis, stillbirth, preterm delivery, and spontaneous abortion in up to 50% of pregnancies. Women who had documented treatment for syphilis in the past do not need treatment during current or subsequent pregnancies.
Penicillin is the drug of choice for treating all stages of syphilis. Parenteral rather than oral treatment has been the route of choice as the therapy is supervised and bioavailability is guaranteed. Most women treated during pregnancy will deliver before their serological response to treatment can be assessed definitively. Neonates born to such women should be evaluated for congenital syphilis. For the treatment of early syphilis during pregnancy is procaine penicillin 750 mg daily for 10 days. If it is not possible to give daily procaine penicillin on the weekend, then either long-acting procaine penicillin in aluminium stearate, 2 million units (MU) or long-acting benethamine penicillin 1.2 MU should be given IM on the Friday. Patients with penicillin allergy: erythromycin 500 mg four times a day should be given for 14 days. Alternatively, azithromycin 500 mg should be given daily for 10 days. In addition to this, examination, tests, and treatment of all babies at birth should be carried out. Desensitization to penicillin may be considered, followed by the first-line treatment. Mothers treated with erythromycin or azithromycin may be considered for retreatment with doxycycline after delivery and when breast-feeding is stopped.
(Expert Rev Vaccines. 2008;7(10):1465-1473)

6 comments:

  1. ihh ngerinya..klo tau akibat penyakit ini bagi ibu hamil.

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  2. syphilis itu bahsa indonesianya raja singa kaaan??? hiiiii ngeri ah...jgn sampe deegh...

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  3. kalo udah kena itu emg susah..tuh termasuk STD (sex transmitted disease) kan?

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  4. Thanks for letting us know about syphilis and for the treatment that we must do..

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